Swine Innovation

 Industry Partners


Prairie Swine Centre is an affiliate of the University of Saskatchewan


Prairie Swine Centre is grateful for the assistance of the George Morris Centre in developing the economics portion of Pork Insight.

Financial support for the Enterprise Model Project and Pork Insight has been provided by:



Assessing the Effectiveness of Euthanasia Methods for Suckling Piglets Using Signs of Sensibility and Behavioural Indicators

Posted in: Pork Insight Articles, Swine Innovation by PSCI on July 26, 2012 | No Comments

Euthanasia is a practice in pig production that has welfare and economic impact. It is essential to understand when euthanasia should be carried out and that it is done properly to limit suffering of the pig. Early weaning of compromised piglets has both welfare and economic benefits. When a pigs birth weight is less than 0.9kgs it will rarely turn into profit for the producer so euthanasia will limit feed and maintenance costs and improves overall herd welfare. For pigs under twelve pounds there are three acceptable euthanasia methods, blunt force trauma, overdose on anesthesia and CO2 poisoning. Blunt force trauma is the most common method and fairly simple to carry out, but aesthetically it is not the most ideal method. An alternative to BFT is a non-penetrating captive bolt which has been deamed acceptable for suckling pigs. Co2 poisoning involves exposing a pig to greater than 90% CO2 for five minutes. Although this method is effective at causing death, it can appear inhumane as pigs squeal while being gassed, try to escape, and have high cortisone levels which suggests the pig has suffered increased stress. When choosing a euthanasia procedure producers should have clear guidelines about which piglets should be euthanized as well as how the procedure is carried out. To assess sensibility the pigs should be tested immediatly after the euthanasia. If the pig still has a brain or spinal reflex it is still considered sensible and the euthanasia attempt must be repeated. If physical contact is not possible behavior tests can be done by obseving absence of breathing, lack of muscle tone and abasence of vocalization.

POSTER – Development of new genomic tools to improve meat quality traits and production efficiency in pigs

Posted in: Pork Insight Articles, Swine Innovation by PSCI on July 24, 2012 | No Comments

Recently the Canadian pork industry has had made available many high-density SNP’s. This has led to opportunities to improve meat quality and other characteristics in pig herds. The new technology will allow producers to genetically select pigs that have desireable traits like good feed efficiency, which is expensive to measure, and meat quality, which is something that now can only be assessed after a pig has be slaughtered. This has potential to let producers select pigs that are better suited for the market they are in, improve accuracy in selecting econmically beneficail pigs and help differentiate Canadain pork.

Assessment of Lameness, Productivity and Longevity in Group and Individually Housed Gestating Sows

Posted in: Pork Insight Articles, Swine Innovation, Welfare by PSCI on July 23, 2012 | No Comments

Sow housing is the dominant issue when discussing animal welfare in pig production. Converting away from gestation crates carries several factors that must be considered, such as sow welfare and longevity in the herd, as well as their economic sustainability. Lameness sows is one of the main reasons for culling otherwise productive sows and will be important to gauge properly when considering alternative housing methods. The objective of this study is to determine the relationship among variables such as body weight, age, social rank, body condition and health status, and degree of lameness on success within the different systems based on relative productivity, culling rate, health changes, aggression and injuries. To asses lameness four methods will be used: Complex gait scoring, kinematics, accelerometers, and a forced plate weight scale. Sow temperament will be measured by 4 tests: the Open Door Test, Pig Approaching Human , Human Approaching Pig  and Novel Object Test. To measure sow longevity sows will be assessed on lameness and sow condition on the 7th, 16th, and 20th week post breeding. The need to monitor and assess animal welfare standards on commercial farms is becoming an increasingly important issue as quality assurance schemes are expanded in response to consumer demands.

Swine Innovation Porc – Lead User Program

Posted in: Pork Insight Articles, Swine Innovation by katrina on April 30, 2012 | No Comments

CSRDC logo 063011

The objectives of the lead-user program are to build upon the Canadian Swine research and Development Cluster research program (funded through growing Forward 1), through speeding the rate of adoption of new technologies.  Early adoption of some of these new technologies are designed to enhance the competitiveness and differentiation of the pork industry throughout Canada.

Lameness Assessment

Take home messages from the sow longevity workshops Translated into French

J Brown Sow temperament presentationL Connor Housing Design impacts on Lameness and LongevityJohn Deen PresentationSow lameness longevity temperament workshop final

Farmscape online J Brown 2013-10-28  Farmscape online J Brown 2013-10-28 FR

Farmscape online J Deen 2013-10-30  Farmscape online J Deen 2013-10-30 FR

Farmscape online L Connor 2013-10-24  Farmscape online L Connor 2013-10-24 FR

Profit - Farmscape template Reducing Lameness in the Sow Herd Improves P...  Rentabilité Farmscape - Réduire la boiterie des truies améliore la renta...

Farmscape online Y Seddon 2013-11-06  Farmscape online Y Seddon 2013-11-06 FR

Trim- Farmscape template Research Shows Hoof Trimming Helps Reduce Lamen... Visual Farmscape - Évaluation visuelle de la boiterie -étonnamment fiabl...

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Zephyr

The Zephyr Brochure The ZephyrFRE_Zephyr Book

Volume 1 Issue 1 - Zephyr Volume 1 Issue 1 - Zephyr_French

1007-New Device Eases Stress of Euthanasia 1007-La cheville percutante non pénétrante Zephyr

B.12--8 - Farmscape online 1007 J_Brown27122012  B.12--8 - Farmscape online 1007 J_Brown27122012_FRE MV

B.12--21 - Farmscape 1007 15022013  B.12--21 - Farmscape 1007 15022013_FRE MV

B. 12  Page 28 Zephyr et balance pour la boiterie 1007 + 1004 - Copie

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Air Filtration

Volume 1 Issue 12 ATU Volume 1 Issue 12 ATU_French

Air Filtration

BioTrickling Air Treatment

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Water Sprinkling

Sprinkling system

Design guidelines for the development of a water sprinkling systems for transport trailers

SIP Vol. 1 Issue 10 Sprinkling Volume 1 Issue 10 Sprinkling_French

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Novel Nutrition

Nutrition Webcast Invite

deLange_Novel_Feeding_Strategies_Cover Pomar_Precision_Feeding_Cover Zijlstra_Alternative_Feeds_Cover

Presentations from the seminar are also available on-line. Please click the following link to view the archived presentations

PorkMaster can be downloaded free of charge.  Please click on the PorkMaster logo for download instruction and a copy of the user manual.

PorkMasterLogo

 

Volume 1 Issue 17 Wheat DDGS Volume 1 Issue 17 DDGS French

Volume 1 Issue 5_Concentrating Energy In Young Pig Diets Volume 1 Issue 5 Expeller Canola Meal_French

A.1--11 - Farmscape online 1012 15102012  A.1--11 - Farmscape online 1012 15102012_FRE MV

A.1--12 - Farmscape online 1012 E_Beltranena 8112012  A.1--12 - Farmscape online 1012 E_Beltranena 8112012_FRE

Precision Feeding

Funding for the project has been provided in part through Industry Councils from Agricultural Council of Saskatchewan (principal), the Conseil pour le développement de l’agriculture du Québec, Ontario Agricultural Adaptation Council and Agriculture and Food Council of Alberta Which deliver the Canadian Agricultural Adaptation Program (CAAP) on behalf of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.

ACSsmall  canada-workmark90x22

Effect of crude glycerol combined with solvent-extracted or expeller-pressed canola meal on growth performance and diet nutrient digestibility of weaned pigs

Posted in: Pork Insight Articles, Production, Swine Innovation by katrina on March 15, 2012 | No Comments

Partially substituting soybean meal and wheat with canola co-products was evaluated using 240 weaned pigs [6.3 kg initial body weight (BW)]. Pigs were fed for 4 week pelleted diets containing 150 g/kg of solvent-extracted or expeller-pressed canola meal either with 0 or 50 g/kg crude glycerol or a soybean meal control diet to measure performance and diet nutrient digestibility. The wheat-based diets were formulated to contain 9.45 MJ/kg net energy (NE) and 1.13 g standardised ileal digestible (SID) lysine (Lys)/MJ NE. Glycerol increased (P<0.05) diet digestible energy content by 0.6 and 0.2 MJ/kg of dry matter for solvent-extracted and expeller-pressed canola meal diets, respectively. Canola co-product diets had a lower (P<0.05) nutrient digestibility than the control diet, while DE content did not differ. For days 0–28, BW gain and feed efficiency did not differ between the types of canola meal, the two levels of glycerol, and the canola co-product diets and control diet, although feed intake was 6% higher (P<0.05) for the control than canola co-product diets. In conclusion, 150 g/kg of solvent-extracted or expeller-pressed canola meal or with 50 g/kg glycerol can partially replace soybean meal and wheat in diets formulated to equal NE and SID amino acid content fed to weaned pigs without affecting growth performance.

© 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

The effect of feeding expeller-pressed canola meal on growth performance and diet nutrient digestibility in weaned pigs

Posted in: Pork Insight Articles, Production, Swine Innovation by katrina on | No Comments

The effects of feeding increasing levels of expeller-pressed (EP) canola meal in substitution for soybean meal as an energy and amino acid source were evaluated in 240 weaned pigs with an initial body weight of 7.3 ± 0.6 kg. Five pelleted wheat-based diets containing 0, 50, 100, 150 or 200 g EP canola meal/kg were formulated to contain 10.0 MJ net energy (NE)/kg and 1.18 g standardised ileal digestible (SID) lysine/MJ NE and were fed for 4 wk starting 1 wk after weaning at 19 days of age. Expeller-pressed canola meal was added at the expense of soybean meal and the diets were balanced for NE using canola oil and for amino acids using crystalline lysine, methionine, threonine and tryptophan. Increasing inclusion of EP canola meal linearly reduced (P<0.001) the apparent total tract digestibility of energy, dry matter and crude protein and the digestible energy content of diets. From 0 to 28 days on trial, increasing inclusion of EP canola meal did not affect body weight gain, feed intake and feed efficiency. In conclusion, up to 200 g EP canola meal/kg can replace soybean meal in diets formulated to equal NE and SID amino acid content and fed to nursery pigs starting 1 wk after weaning without reducing growth performance.

© 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

The effect of feeding solvent-extracted canola meal on growth performance and diet nutrient digestibility in weaned pigs

Posted in: Pork Insight Articles, Production, Swine Innovation by katrina on | No Comments

The effects of feeding increasing levels of solvent-extracted canola meal in substitution for soybean meal as an energy and amino acid source were evaluated in 220 weaned pigs with an initial body weight of 8.1 ± 1.8 kg. Five pelleted wheat-based diets containing 0, 50, 100, 150 or 200 g canola meal/kg were formulated to contain 9.74 MJ net energy (NE)/kg and 1.21 g standardised ileal digestible (SID) lysine/MJ NE and were fed for 4 wk starting 1 wk after weaning at 19 days of age. Canola meal was added at the expense of soybean meal and the diets were balanced for NE using canola oil and for amino acids using crystalline lysine, threonine and tryptophan. Increasing inclusion of canola meal reduced linearly (P<0.05) the apparent total tract digestibility of energy, dry matter and crude protein and quadratically(P<0.05) the digestible energy content of diets. From 0 to 28 days on trial, increasing inclusion of canola meal did not affect body weight gain, feed intake and feed efficiency. In conclusion, up to 200 g solvent-extracted canola meal/kg can replace soybean meal in diets formulated to equal NE and SID amino acid content and fed to weaned pigs without detrimental effects on growth performance.

© 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Chemical characteristics, feed processing quality, growth performance and energy digestibility among wheat classes in pelleted diets fed to weaned pigs

Posted in: Pork Insight Articles, Production, Swine Innovation by katrina on | No Comments

Among wheat classes based on end use, the nutritional quality of wheat for pigs is expected to vary. Therefore, Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR), Canada Prairie Spring White (CPSW), Canada Western Amber Durum (CWAD), Canada Western Hard White Spring (CWHWS) and Canada Western Red Winter (CWRW) wheat are separated out from Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) wheat, which is the standard wheat for bread also known as hard red spring wheat. Two cultivars from these six wheat classes were characterised for their physicochemical, feed milling properties and nutritional value for young, growing pigs. Growth and energy digestibility were studied for 3 wk with weaned pigs (12.8 ± 1.2 kg initial body weight) fed diets containing 650 g/kg wheat [14.6 MJ digestible energy (DE)/kg; 14.2 g digestible lysine/MJ DE]. Wheat crude protein (on dry matter basis) ranged from 124 to 174 g/kg among classes: 127–165 g for CPSW and CPSR, and 165–170 g/kg for CWAD. Total non-starch polysaccharides ranged from 90 to 115 g/kg among classes. For days 0–21, average daily gain, average daily feed intake and feed efficiency did not differ among wheat cultivars and classes (P>0.05). The coefficient of apparent total tract digestibility of energy in the diet was lowest (P<0.05) for CPSR (0.87), intermediate for CPSW, CWRS, CWHWS (0.87–0.88) and highest for CWAD and CWRW (0.89). Feed pelleting speed and pellet durability did not differ (P>0.05) among wheat diets but pelleting increased viscosity of diets (P<0.001). Principle component analysis revealed the negative impact of fibre components on feed efficiency. In conclusion, despite variations in chemical characteristics and DE content among wheat classes, young pigs fed all classes of wheat including CPSW, CPSR and CWAD may perform effectively.

© 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

The effect of feeding wheat distillers dried grain with solubles on growth performance and nutrient digestibility in weaned pigs

Posted in: Pork Insight Articles, Production, Swine Innovation by katrina on | No Comments

The effects of substituting soybean meal with wheat distillers dried grain with solubles (DDGS) as an energy and amino acid source on growth performance and dietary nutrient digestibility were evaluated in 240 weaned pigs with an initial body weight (BW) of 6.2 ± 1.2 kg. Five pelleted wheat-based diets containing 0, 50, 100, 150, or 200 g wheat DDGS/kg were formulated to contain 10.0 MJ/kg net energy (NE) and 1.15 g standardised ileal digestible (SID) lysine (Lys)/MJ NE and were fed for 4 wk. For d 0–28, increasing dietary inclusion of wheat DDGS quadratically reducedBWgain (P<0.001) mainly due to a quadratically reduced (P<0.001) feed intake but also a reduced (P<0.001) feed efficiency. At d 28, pigs fed 50, 100, 150 and 200 g wheat DDGS/kg were 0.1, 0.1, 0.4 and 5.5 kg lighter (P<0.001) than pigs fed 0 g wheat DDGS/kg. In conclusion, weaned pigs fed diets formulated to equal NE and SID amino acids can be fed up to 100 g wheat DDGS/kg without reducing final body weight (BW) and up to 150 g wheat DDGS/kg with limited reductions in growth performance. Despite similar DE content among diets, inclusion of 200 g wheat DDGS/kg of drastically reduced growth performance of weaned pigs.

© 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

 

 

Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy Offers Digestible Energy Content Analysis of Barley

Posted in: Pork Insight Articles, Swine Innovation by PSCI on February 28, 2012 | No Comments

On February 28th 2012, on farmscape.ca radio, Dr. Ruurd Zijlstra of the University of Alberta discussed Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy to determine the digestible energy content of barley:

NIRS is a non-invasive way to test digestible energy content in barley. The technique has been used in the grain industry for some time to test moister and protein in various grains. This technology allows for producers to send samples to a lab for testing and learn the DEC of there barley that day. The test only takes a few minutes to preform in a lab setting with the proper equipment.

To listen to the interview click here: Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy Offers Digestible Energy Content Analysis of Barley

 
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