Ontario Pork

 Industry Partners

Prairie Swine Centre is an affiliate of the University of Saskatchewan

Prairie Swine Centre is grateful for the assistance of the George Morris Centre in developing the economics portion of Pork Insight.

Financial support for the Enterprise Model Project and Pork Insight has been provided by:

Author(s): Dr. Cate Dewey
Publication Date: September 14, 2005
Reference: Ontario Pork
Country: Canada


In-transit pigs deaths are rare  but they do happen at a rate of about 15-17 pigs per 10 000 shipped. The reasons for these deaths can come from a number of factors such as loading and unloading, the trip itself or the time spent at the slaughter house. A recent study has identified that most of these deaths are a result of on farm actions rather than on the truck or at the slaughter house. This study attempts to identify what on farm practices are resulting in in-transit death losses because there is great variability in farms that suffer from in-transit death. Farms who produced over 500 pigs per year and suffered high in-transit death losses were observed during load outs and paired with a farm that produced similar numbers but had low to no in transit death losses. Farms with high losses were more likely to use a assembly yard and also to use there own truck if they had a assembly yard. High loss farms tended to allow pigs to crowd more often than low loss farms. Prods were more commonly used for the high death farms. The high loss farms were more likely to have steeper ramps with less cleats. There are many factors that influence the amount of death loss pigs, some major factors are the ones that increase the heart rate of the pigs before shipping (steep ramps and prod use). Also changing light and floor patterns deter pigs from moving which increases human interaction which has potential to raise stress and heart rate of the pigs.

Download PDF »

Slots Master There is no definite strategy or technique that you can use as you play slots