Environment

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Prairie Swine Centre is an affiliate of the University of Saskatchewan


Prairie Swine Centre is grateful for the assistance of the George Morris Centre in developing the economics portion of Pork Insight.

Financial support for the Enterprise Model Project and Pork Insight has been provided by:



Author(s): Copeland, J.D. and J. Simms Hipp.
Publication Date: January 1, 1994
Reference: National Center for Agricultural Law Research and Information.
Country: United States

Summary:

Using a question – answer form, the document goes through all aspects of the U.S.regulations and states regulations having an impact on Iowa livestock producers. At the Federal level, the Clean Water Act (CWA) consider water pollution under two categories: point sources and nonpoint sources. The point sources are regulated by the NPDES (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System) which controls by permit emissions the discharges of pollutants from a point source. Most states administer the NPDES. To the NPDES permits may be added water quality standards specific to a state that are more restrictive; the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) may review the permit emitted and in some cases disapprove it. CWA also enacted several provisions to address the non-point source pollution problems affecting rivers, lakes, and wetlands. The Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) requires each state containing coastal zone (coastal areas including the Great Lakes waters) to adopt a management program for those areas. The Clean Air Act (CAA) has currently no application for the odor problems and thus considered as nuisance, they are handled under state common law. Right-to-Farm Laws provide some protection concerning nuisance lawsuits but not for pollution suits in general.

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