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Author(s): Huiying Fan, Shaobo Xiao, Tiezhu Tong, Shengpin Wang, Lilan Xie, Yunbo Jiang, Huanchun Chen, Liurong Fang
Publication Date: January 1, 2008
Reference: Molecular Immunology 45 (2008) 653–660
Country: China


Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is known to be associated with post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), an emerging disease in swine. The development of effective vaccines against PCV2 infection has been accepted as an important strategy in the prophylaxis of PMWS, and a DNA vaccine expressing the major immunogenic capsid (Cap) protein of PCV2 is considered to be a promising candidate. However, recent studies have revealed that interferons (IFNs), especially IFN-, can enhance the replication of PCV2, indicating that the high levels of IFN- induced by DNA vaccination seem to have potential deleterious effect on protective immunity. Strategies to improve the  neutralizing antibody response and simultaneously decrease the IFN- response will facilitate the clinical application of DNA vaccines against PCV2. In the present study, four different DNA vaccine constructs encoding cytoplasmic (Cy-ORF2), secreted (Sc-ORF2), membrane-anchored (M-ORF2) or authentic nuclear-targeted (pc-ORF2) Cap protein were generated to evaluate the neutralizing antibody and IFN- responses in a mouse model. Although all four DNA constructs could elicit PCV2-specific humoral immune responses, mice inoculated with Sc-ORF2 developed a significantly higher level of neutralizing antibodies than those that received M-ORF2, pc-ORF2 or Cy-ORF2. Furthermore, mice immunized with Sc-ORF2 or M-ORF2 showed a significantly decreased or enhanced IFN- level, respectively, compared with those inoculated with pc-ORF2.With respect to neutralizing antibody and IFN- levels, Sc-ORF2 is a good candidate for DNA vaccination, and the secreted Cap protein appears to be an ideal antigen for use in development of vaccines against PCV2.

For more information the full article can be found at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01615890

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